Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan 2020 - India's Migrant Crisis 1


Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi has launched an employment scheme “Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan 2020” for migrant workers on 20th June 2020. The Plan which started from Telihar village of Bihar’s Khagaria district will cover India’s 116 districts across Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Odisha.

‘Till now you were developing cities, now you will give a boost to development in rural areas.’ The Prime Minister tells migrant workers.

PM Modi launched the scheme through video conference in presence of Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar


India is facing one of the deadliest pandemic outbreak currently that is a Corona-virus (COVID-19). The whole world has come to a halt. When the country went down under a state of lock-down, factories and industries shut down completely divesting many of the laborers which survive on daily wages.

This forced them to return back home by walking several miles as the transport system was also terminated to control the spread of corona-virus. Later many options were provided to them like the Shramik Express trains run by the Central and State Governments and bus services run by some NGOs and celebrities across the country.

The migrant workers from different states who used to once work in big cities have suddenly lost their livelihood and also had to struggle hugely in order to return back to their own houses.

After suffering so much pain, many migrants are not ready to return back to the big cities to earn the livelihood they used to do before. In such a situation, a huge crisis of earning will be making Rural India even poor. 


Launching the massive scheme like ‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan 2020’ will boost employment and livelihood opportunities for migrant workers returning to villages, in the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak. Abhiyaan focuses on durable rural infrastructure and providing modern facilities like the internet in the villages.

The basket of a wide variety of works will ensure that each migrant worker is able to get an opportunity of employment according to his skill, in the coming 125 days. The Program will also prepare for expansion and development of livelihoods over a longer term.

Talent has returned from cities during the lock-down, those whose labor and skills were behind the rapid growth of cities will now boost development of villages with the help of this scheme. The country understands your emotions and needs. The Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan starting from Khagaria in Bihar is a major tool to fulfill this need and emotion,” PM Modi said.

The launch of the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan 2020 scheme from the Government of India was a much-needed step towards Rural India. Getting a scheme something like this will surely turn out to be a fruitful option for those who are in search of livelihood right now. 


As social distancing has to be maintained in this pandemic situation, the scheme of Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan 2020 will be launched by the PM Modi on 20th June 2020, through video conferencing attended by the CMs and Representatives of the 6 Participating States, Various Union Ministers, and others.

Apart from the CMs and the PM, there will be also 116 districts from six different states of India that will be a part of this program. These districts will be participating in the program through different Krishi Vigyan Kendras and Common Service Centers, so many the rules of social distancing can be maintained. 

Duration and State Covered

The scheme will be a “focused campaign” and run in “mission mode” in 116 districts across six states namely Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha have been chosen for the campaign which includes 27 Aspirational Districts to help migrant workers get jobs in their home states for next 125 days.

25 work areas have been identified for employment in villages, for development of various works. These 25 works or projects are related to meet the needs of the villages like rural housing for the poor, Plantations, provision of drinking water through Jal Jeevan mission, Panchayat Bhavans, community toilets, rural mandis, rural roads, other infrastructure like Cattle Sheds, Anganwadi Bhavans etc.

Laying of fiber optics cable, railway works, sanitation works, waste management, poultry, farm ponds and training through Krishi Vigyan Kendras will be given to the migrant workers under the programme.

Ministries Involved

12 different ministries/departments, namely Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture, to expedite implementation of 25 public infrastructure works and works relating to augmentation of livelihood opportunities.